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  1. Judaic Logic
  2. Avi Sion | Open Library
  3. 2-8-1948 -

It deals with the main technicalities relating to reasoning about causation. Once all the deductive characteristics of causation in all its forms have been treated, and we have gained an understanding as to how it is induced, we are able to discuss more intelligently its epistemological and ontological status.

Overview: TaNaK / Old Testament

In this context, past theories of causation are reviewed and evaluated. Logical and Spiritual Reflections Logical and Spiritual Reflections is a collection of six shorter philosophical works, in two parts. A Fortiori Logic is a wide-ranging and in-depth study of a fortiori reasoning, comprising a great many new theoretical insights into such argument, a history of its use and discussion from antiquity to the present day, and critical analyses of the main attempts at its elucidation.

Its purpose is nothing less than to lay the foundations for a new branch of logic, and greatly develop it; and thus to once and for all dispel the many fallacious ideas circulating regarding the nature of a fortiori reasoning.

All these works can also be freely studied at: www. Avi Sion Ph.

Philosophy is a researcher and writer in logic and philosophy, including original writings on the theory and practice of inductive and deductive logic, phenomenology, epistemology, aetiology, psychology, meditation, ethics, and much more. He resides in Geneva, Switzerland.

You may contact him at: contact avisionbooks. Avi Sion Books. Judaic logic: A Formal Analysis of Biblical, Talmudic and Rabbinic Logic Judaic logic is an original inquiry into the forms of thought determining Jewish law and belief, from the impartial perspective of a logician. A Fortiori Logic: Innovations, History and Assessments A Fortiori Logic is a wide-ranging and in-depth study of a fortiori reasoning, comprising a great many new theoretical insights into such argument, a history of its use and discussion from antiquity to the present day, and critical analyses of the main attempts at its elucidation.

Stats concern this webpage only. The present flipbook project was made possible thanks to the fantastic software called Flip Book Creator! In sum, Judaic Logic elucidates and evaluates the epistemological assumptions which have generated the Halakhah Jewish religious jurisprudence and allied doctrines.

Traditional justifications, or rationalizations, concerning Judaic law and belief, are carefully dissected and weighed at the level of logical process and structure, without concern for content. This foundational approach, devoid of any critical or supportive bias, clears the way for a timely reassessment of orthodox Judaism and incidentally, other religious systems, by means of analogies or contrasts.

Judaic Logic ought, therefore, to be read by all Halakhists, as well as Bible and Talmud scholars and students; and also by everyone interested in the theory, practise and history of logic. Jewish Philosophy, Misc. Ruminations is a collection of sundry notes and essays on Logic.

Among the many topics covered are: the importance of the laws of thought, and how they are applied using the logic of paradox; details of formal logic, including some important new insights on the nesting, merger and splitting up of hypothetical propositions; details of causal logic, including analogical reasoning from cause to ca… Read more Ruminations is a collection of sundry notes and essays on Logic. Among the many topics covered are: the importance of the laws of thought, and how they are applied using the logic of paradox; details of formal logic, including some important new insights on the nesting, merger and splitting up of hypothetical propositions; details of causal logic, including analogical reasoning from cause to cause; a cutting-edge phenomenological analysis of negation.

Additionally, this volume is used to publish a number of notes and essays previously only posted in his Internet site, including a history of Jewish logic and an analysis of Islamic logic. Philosophy, Miscellaneous. Of these works, the first set of three constitutes the Logical Reflections, and the second set constitutes the Spiritual Reflections.

It replaces the so-called problem of induction with a principle of induction. These are here pointed out and critically analyzed in detail — and more accurate and logical theories are proposed. It shows that Kant was in no position to criticize reason, because he neither sufficiently understood its workings nor had the logical tools needed for the task.

It is important to review and refute such ideas as they arise.


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It proposes additional practical methods and theoretical insights relating to meditation and Buddhism. It also discusses certain often glossed over issues relating to Buddhism — notably, historicity, idolatry, messianism, importation to the West. This work also treats some issues in ethics and theodicy. No to Sodom, which is an essay against homosexuality, using biological, psychological, spiritual, ethical and political arguments. A Fortiori Logic: Innovations, History and Assessments is a wide-ranging and in-depth study of a fortiori reasoning, comprising a great many new theoretical insights into such argument, a history of its use and discussion from antiquity to the present day, and critical analyses of the main attempts at its elucidation.

Its purpose is nothing less than to lay the foundations for a new branch of logic and greatly develop it; and thus to once and for all dispel the many fallacious ideas circulating … Read more A Fortiori Logic: Innovations, History and Assessments is a wide-ranging and in-depth study of a fortiori reasoning, comprising a great many new theoretical insights into such argument, a history of its use and discussion from antiquity to the present day, and critical analyses of the main attempts at its elucidation.

Its purpose is nothing less than to lay the foundations for a new branch of logic and greatly develop it; and thus to once and for all dispel the many fallacious ideas circulating regarding the nature of a fortiori reasoning. The work is divided into three parts. Its four or eight principal moods are analyzed in great detail and formally validated, and secondary moods are derived from them.

A crescendo argument is distinguished from purely a fortiori argument, and similarly analyzed and validated. These argument forms are clearly distinguished from the pro rata and analogical forms of argument. Moreover, we examine the wide range of a fortiori argument; the possibilities of quantifying it; the formal interrelationships of its various moods; and their relationships to syllogistic and analogical reasoning.

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Judaic Logic

Although a fortiori argument is shown to be deductive, inductive forms of it are acknowledged and explained. Although a fortiori argument is essentially ontical in character, more specifically logical-epistemic and ethical-legal variants of it are acknowledged. The second part of the work, Ancient and Medieval History, looks into use and discussion of a fortiori argument in Greece and Rome, in the Talmud, among post-Talmudic rabbis, and in Christian, Moslem, Chinese and Indian sources.

The valuable contribution, much later, by Moshe Chaim Luzzatto is duly acknowledged.

Lists are drawn up of the use of a fortiori argument in the Jewish Bible, the Mishna, the works of Plato and Aristotle, the Christian Bible and the Koran; and the specific moods used are identified. There is also a novel, detailed study of logic in general in the Torah. The third part of the present work, Modern and Contemporary Authors, describes and evaluates the work of numerous some thirty recent contributors to a fortiori logic, as well as the articles on the subject in certain lexicons.

Here, we discover that whereas a few authors in the last century or so made some significant contributions to the field, most of them shot woefully off-target in various ways. The work of each author, whether famous or unknown, is examined in detail in a dedicated chapter, or at least in a section; and his ideas on the subject are carefully weighed. The variety of theories that have been proposed is impressive, and stands witness to the complexity and elusiveness of the subject, and to the crying need for the present critical and integrative study. But whatever the intrinsic value of each work, it must be realized that even errors and lacunae are interesting because they teach us how not to proceed.

This book also contains, in a final appendix, some valuable contributions to general logic, including new analyses of symbolization and axiomatization, existential import, the tetralemma, the Liar paradox and the Russell paradox. Logics, Misc. It collects in one volume the essays that he has written in the past over a period of some 27 years on this subject. It comprises expositions and resolutions of many though not all ancient and modern paradoxes, including: the Protagoras-Euathlus paradox Athens, 5th Cent. This volume also presents and comments on some of the antinomic discourse found in some Buddhist texts namely, in Nagarjuna, India, 2nd Cent.

Paradoxes, Miscellaneous. It collects in one volume essays that he has written on this subject in Judaic Logic and A Fortiori Logic , in which traces of logic in the Talmud the Mishna and Gemara are identified and analyzed.

Avi Sion | Open Library

While this book does not constitute an exhaustive study of logic in the Talmud, it is a ground-breaking and extensive study. It collects in one volume many though not all of the essays, that he has written on this subject over a period of some 23 years, which all demonstrate the possibility and conditions of validity of human knowledge, the utility and reliability of human cognitive means when properly used, contrary to the skeptical assumptions that are nowadays fashionable.

Inductive Logic. Exposing Fake Logic by Avi Sion is a collection of essays written after publication of his book A Fortiori Logic, in which he critically responds to derivative work by other authors who claim to know better. This is more than just polemics; but allows further clarifications of a fortiori logic and of general logic. Logic and Philosophy of Logic, Misc. Theology is about God and Creation, or more precisely perhaps about our ideas of them, how they are formed and somewhat justified, although it is stressed that they can be neither proved nor disproved.

This book is a thematic compilation drawn from past works by the author over a period of thirteen years. A meditation is a voluntary exercise intended to increase awareness, sustained over some time. Various recommendations are given in this regard. Prior to such practical guidance, so as to prepare the reader for it, the book reviews the theoretical teachings relating to meditation in the main traditions of mankind.

The ultimate goals of meditation, the various methods or techniques used to achieve them, the experiential results of meditation, and the interpretations given to them, are topics treated here. Philosophical Traditions, Misc. The Self is an inquiry into the concepts of self, soul, person, ego, consciousness, psyche and mind — ranging over phenomenology, logic, epistemology, ontology, psychology, spirituality, meditation, ethics and metaphysics.

2-8-1948 -

This book is a thematic compilation drawn from past works by the author. The present, expanded edition includes an essay written in on the Buddhist five skandhas doctrine. Volition and Allied Causal Concepts is a work of aetiology and metapsychology. Aetiology is the branch of philosophy and logic devoted to the study of causality the cause-effect relation in all its forms; and metapsychology is the study of the basic concepts common to all psychological discourse, most of which are causal.

Volition or free will is to be distinguished from causation and natural spontaneity. The latter categories, i. Volition may be characterized as personal causality, a relation between an agent the self or soul and his actions acts of will. Unlike causation, this relation cannot be entirely defined using conditional if—then propositions. Although we can say that the agent is a sine qua non of his actions, we cannot say that the agent is invariably in all or specific circumstances followed by his actions. It appears that both an act of will and its negation remain possible to a soul in any given set of circumstances.

This defines freedom of the will, and implies the responsibility of the agent for his actions. Introspection provides knowledge of particular acts of will. The existence of freewill implies a distinction between necessary causation determinism independent of volition and inertial causation determinism, except when some contrary will interferes. An act of will occurs on a spiritual plane. It may have natural mental or physical consequences; those that inevitably follow it may be regarded as directly willed, whereas those that vary according to circumstances must be considered indirectly willed.

Volition presupposes some degree of consciousness. So-called involuntary acts of will involve a minimum of attention, whereas mindful acts are fully conscious. Even pure whim involves intention. Most volitions moreover involve valuation, some sort of projection of goals, deliberation on means, choice and decision. To judge responsibility, various distinctions are called for, like that between intentional, incidental and accidental consequences. Volitional action can be affected through the terms and conditions of the world surrounding its agent, but also more intimately through the influence of concrete or abstract aspects of that world that the subject has cognized.

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The causal concept of influence, and its implication of cognition of inner or outer information, including emotions , are crucial to measuring the effort involved in volition. Influences make willing easier or harder, yet do not curtail its essential freedom. All the causal concepts used in psychological explanation — affections, appetites, instincts, habits, obsessions, compulsions, urges and impulses — can be elucidated thanks to this important finding. Much of human and animal behavior can thus be both acknowledged as volitional and as variously influenced.

Volition and Allied Causal Concepts is a work of ambitious scope, intent on finally resolving philosophical and logical issues that have always impeded progress in psychology. It clarifies the structure and workings of the psyche, facilitating hygienic and therapeutic endeavors. The relation between volition and physical laws is discussed, as is the place of volition in biology.

Concepts used in biology, analogous to that of purpose, are incidentally analyzed. Theological issues are also dealt with, as are some topics in ethics and law. It collects in one volume essays that he has written on this subject in Judaic Logic and A Fortiori Logic , in which traces of logic in the Torah and related religious documents the Nakh, the Christian Bible, and the Koran and Hadiths are identified and analyzed.

It collects in one volume the essays that he has written on this subject over a period of some 15 years after the publication of his first book on Buddhism, Buddhist Illogic. It comprises expositions and empirical and logical critiques of many though not all Buddhist doctrines, such as impermanence, interdependence, emptiness, the denial of self or soul. It includes his most recent essay, regarding the five skandhas doctrine. Asian Philosophy, Misc. The Laws of Thought is an exploration of the deductive and inductive foundations of rational thought. This book is a thematic compilation drawn from past w… Read more The Laws of Thought is an exploration of the deductive and inductive foundations of rational thought.

This book is a thematic compilation drawn from past works by the author over a period of twenty-three years